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vyavadāna (P. vodāna; Tib. རྣམ་བྱང་, rnam byang; C. jing) is translated as purification or complete purification.

In the Tibetan tradition, this term refers the state in which the destructive emotions have been totally purified—in other words, nirvana.[1]

The Tibetan commentary Garland of Radiant Light distinguishes between the characteristics of:[2]

According to Buswell, the term is also understood as purificaton, in the sense of the causation that leads to the end of suffering.[3]

Alternate translations

  • complete purificaton (Dharmachakra Translation Committee, Middle Beyond Extremes)
  • complete refinement
  • purification (Buswell)
  • cleansing (Buswell)


  1. RW icon height 18px.png Complete purification, Rigpa Shedra Wiki
  2. Dharmachakra Translation Committee 2007, s.v. Chapter 1: The Characteristics.
  3. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. vyavadāna.


External links