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Dasabhumika-sutra (Skt. Daśabhūmikasūtra; T. Sa bcu pa’i mdo ས་བཅུ་པའི་མདོ་; C. Shidi jing/Shizhu jing; J. Jūjikyō/Jūjūkyō; K. Sipchi kyŏng/Sipchu kyŏng 十地經 / 十住經). In English, "Sutra of Ten Stages" or "Sutra of Ten Bhumis" or "Sutra of Ten Grounds". The definitive sutra regarding the "ten stages” (dasa-bhumi) of the bodhisattva path.[1] These are ten "stages" or "grounds" that a bodhisattva progresses through on the path to buddhahood. The sutra also describes buddha-nature and the awakening of bodhicitta.

The sutra is included as a chapter in the Avatamsaka Sutra, and also circulated as an independent text.[1][2]


A commentary on the Daśabhūmika-sūtra, the Dasabhūmika-bhāsya, was written by Vasubandhu in Sanskrit and translated into Chinese by Bodhiruci and others during the 6th century CE.

The Madhyamakāvatāra is a commentary on the meaning of Nagarjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā and the Daśabhūmikasūtra-śāstra.[3]


Daśabhūmikā school

In China, a Daśabhūmikā school (Di lun zong) developed that was centered on this sutra; this school was later absorbed by the Huayan school.

Huayan school

The Avatamsaka Sutra, of which the Daśabhūmika Sūtra is a part, is the foundational text of the Huayan school. The Huayan school declined in China after the death of its fifth and best known patriarch, Zongmi (780–841), but they provided major foundational teachings for the Mahayana schools which exist today, such as Zen.

English translations

  • Peter Roberts (2022), translator, 84000.png The Ten Bhumis
  • Bhikshu Dharmamitra (2019), translator, The Ten Grounds Sutra: The Daśabhūmika Sūtra: the Ten Highest Levels of Practice on the Bodhisattva's Path to Buddhahood, Kalavinka Press
    This was translated from Tripitaka Master Kumārajīva’s circa 410 ce Sanskrit-to-Chinese translation of the Daśabhūmika Sūtra (T0286).

See also:


  1. 1.0 1.1 Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Daśabhūmikasūtra.
  2. In the Dege edition of the Tibetan Canon, this sutra is the 31st chapter of the Avatamsaka Sutra; other sources list it as the 26th chapter.
  3. RW icon height 18px.png Introduction to the Middle Way, Rigpa Shedra Wiki


Further reading

This article includes content from Ten Stages Sutra on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo