Kāśyapa (buddha)

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Kāśyapa (P. Kassapa; T. 'od srung; C. Jiashe 迦葉)[1][2][3] is the third buddha of the "fortunate eon" (bhadrakalpa), according to traditional sources of both the Pali and Sanskrit traditions. This buddha is included in the following lists:

The Tibetan translation of this name ('od srung) means "Guardian of Light."[4]


Sanskrit tradition

The Fortunate Eon Sutra states:

The birthplace of the thus-gone Kāśyapa is known as Cetana. His family was brahmin. His light extended across a mile. Brahmā Gift was his father. Wealth Possessor was his mother. Leader was his son. Friend of All was his attendant. Bharadvāja was foremost in terms of insight. Star King was foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation consisted of twenty thousand monks, his second of eighty thousand monks, and his third of sixty thousand monks. The extent of his lifespan was twenty thousand years. His sacred Dharma remained for seven thousand years. His relics remained in a single collection. There was also only one stūpa.[5]

Pali tradition

Kassapa was born in Isipatana Deer Park. This place is located in Varanasi, a city in the modern-day state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. His parents were the Brahmins Brahmadatta and Dhanavatī, of the Kashyap Gotra.[6]

According to legend, his body was twenty cubits high, and he lived for two thousand years in three different palaces. They are Hamsa, Yasa, and Sirinanda.[6] (The BuA.217 calls the first two palaces Hamsavā and Yasavā). His chief wife was Sunandā, who bore him a son named Vijitasena.


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Kāśyapa.
  2. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. List of Lists, "seven buddhas [of the past].
  3. 3.0 3.1 Internet-icon.svg 'od srung, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  4. Dudjom Rinpoche 2011, s.v. Glossary, "Kashyapa".
  5. 84000.png Dharmachakra Translation Committee (2023), Good Eon Sutra, verse 2.B.4 , 84000 Reading Room
  6. 6.0 6.1 Mingun Sayadaw 1998, Chapter 24.


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