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nirmāṇarataya (P. nimmānarati; T. 'phrul dga'; C. huale tian 化樂天) is the fifth highest of the six deva realms of the kāmadhātu.

This realm located in the sky 32,000 yojanas above the tuṣita realm.[1]

The name Nirmāṇarataya means "enjoying emanations," "enjoying creations," etc. This realm is so-named because the devas in this realm "create their own magical emanations that they control."[1]

In this realm, 800 human years is calculated as one day and night. The measure of their lifespan is 8000 years, where thirty such days make one month and twelve such months make one year.[2][3] (This lifespan is equivalent to 1,152 million years in the human realm.)[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Nirmāṇarataya.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chim Jampaiyang 2019, s.v. Chapter 17.
  3. Access to insight icon 50px.png Visakhuposatha Sutta, Access to Insight