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Nyāya (Skt.) literally means "rules", "method" or "judgment".[1][2] It is also the name of one of the six orthodox (astika) schools of Hinduism.[2]

The Nyaya school's most significant contributions to Indian philosophy was systematic development of the theory of logic, methodology, and its treatises on epistemology.[3][4]

Nyaya school shares some of its methodology and human suffering foundations with Buddhism; however, a key difference between the two is the Buddhist concept of anatman (no-self).

Nagarjuna's text Vaidalyaprakarana refutes the views of the Nyaya school.


  1. nyAya Monier-Williams' Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon, Germany
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nyaya: Indian Philosophy Encyclopædia Britannica (2014)
  3. B Gupta (2012), An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge and Freedom, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415800037, pages 171-189
  4. PT Raju (1985), Structural Depths of Indian Thought: Toward a Constructive Postmodern Ethics, State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0887061394, page 223

External links

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