Pañcaviṃśatisāhasrikā prajñāpāramitā. (T. Shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa stong phrag nyi shu lnga pa; C. Mohe bore boluomi jing; J. Maka hannya haramitsukyō; K. Maha panya paramil kyŏng 摩訶般若波羅蜜經). In English, “Perfection of Wisdom in Twenty-five Thousand Lines”.
In the Tibetan tradition, this sutra is known as one of the so-called 'six mother scriptures' of the prajnaparamita.
The 84000 translation group writes:
The Perfection of Wisdom in 25,000 Lines is the second longest of the six ‘mother’ Prajñāpāramitā texts (yum drug). It comprises three entire volumes of the Kangyur (vols. 26-28) and is divided into 76 chapters relating dialogues between the Buddha and senior disciples, notably Śāriputra, Subhūti and Ānanda.
With some exceptions, the text parallels the structure of the other Perfection of Wisdom sūtras, especially the Prajñāpāramitā in 10,000 Lines, yet it has traditionally been regarded as more influential, analyzing the bodhisattvas’ transcendent perfections in considerably greater detail, and showing how bodhisattvas should practise them without ever considering either their practice, or any other phenomena whatsoever, as truly existing.
An original Sanskrit version found in Gilgit exists, as well as four distinct Chinese translations. There is also an important recast Sanskrit manuscript, possibly of 5th century origin, which divides the text according to the eight sections of Asaṅga-Maitreya’s famous treatise, the Abhisamayālaṃkāra. The Tibetan text dates from the 9th century. There are several important commentaries on the text in the Tengyur, by Haribhadra, Smṛtijñānakīrti, Vimuktasena and others.
- Arya Vimuktisena, Illuminating the 25,000 Verses
- Bhadanta Vimuktisena, Commentary on the 25,000
- Haribhadra, Eight Chapters on the 25,000
- Ratnakarashanti, Pure 25,000 (Shuddhimati)
- Edward Conze, The Large Sutra on Perfect Wisdom, 1975
- Edward Conze, The Prajñāpāramitā Literature (1960)
- Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Twenty-five Thousand Lines