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*pratibhāsa-viṣaya (T. snag yul) is translated as "appearing object," "apparent object," etc.

It is one of the four types of object identified in the pramana tradition.

Alexander Berzin describes this type of object as:

The mental hologram (mental representation) of any external or internal object of cognition, which a cognition gives rise to. Equivalent to the cognitively taken object. Sometimes used interchangeably with "mental aspect," and sometimes differentiated from "mental aspect" in the sense that a cognition takes on the "mental aspect" of its appearing object.[1]


  • appearing object (Rangjung Yeshe wiki)
  • apparent object (Rangjung Yeshe wiki)
  • apparent phenomena (Rangjung Yeshe wiki)
  • field of experience (Rangjung Yeshe wiki)


  1. Internet-icon.svg snang yul, Christian-Steinert Dictionary