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Svalakṣaṇa (T. rang mtshan, རང་མཚན་; C. zixiang), or "specifically characterized thing", is defined as "an entity that exists with distinct aspects of place, time and nature"[1]

In Buddhist logic and epistemology, this term is contrasted with sāmānyalakṣaṇa (a generally characterized thing).

Alternative Translations

  • Specifically characterized phenomena[2]
  • Particular (Dunne)
  • Own characteristics (Buswell)


  1. yul dus rang bzhin ma 'dres par gnas pa'i dngos po'.'
  2. Dunne has objected to the use of the word 'phenomenon' here. See Dunne (2004), p. 83, n. 46

Further Reading

  • John D. Dunne, Foundations of Dharmakirti's Philosophy, Wisdom Publications, 2004
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