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Viṣaya (P. visaya; T. yul; C. jing) is commonly translated as "object" or "sphere". In the context of Buddhist epistemology, viṣaya refers to the object of one of the five sense consciousnesses (see vijnana).[1]

The viṣaya (objects of the five sense consciousness) are distingued from the object of the mind consciousness, which is called manoviṣaya.


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. viṣaya.


  • Book icoline.svg Goodman, Steven D. (2020), The Buddhist Psychology of Awakening: An In-Depth Guide to the Abhidharma (Apple Books ed.), Shambhala Publications 
  • Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg yul