Viṣaya (P. visaya; T. yul; C. jing) is commonly translated as "object" or "sphere". In the context of Buddhist epistemology, viṣaya refers to the object of one of the five sense consciousnesses (see vijnana).
The viṣaya (objects of the five sense consciousness) are distingued from the object of the mind consciousness, which is called manoviṣaya.
- Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. viṣaya.
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Goodman, Steven D. (2020), The Buddhist Psychology of Awakening: An In-Depth Guide to the Abhidharma (Apple Books ed.), Shambhala Publications