Manoviṣaya

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Manoviṣaya (T. yid kyi yul; ཡིད་ཀྱི་ཡུལ་) refers to "whatever is exclusively an object for the mind itself and does not depend on sense fields."[1] This term is translated as "mental objects," "mental field," etc.[2]

The manoviṣaya are identified as one of the six sense objects. The manoviṣaya are distinguished from the first five of the six sense objects, in that the first five sense objects belong to rupa-skandha (the aggregate of form), and the manoviṣaya include mental objects such as mental states, thoughts, memories, etc.

The manoviṣaya are also identified as:

Manoviṣaya are often referred to as "dharma" in Buddhist texts. For examaple, Vasubandhu identified the term manoviṣaya as one of the ten referents for the term "dharma".[3]

Types of manoviṣaya (mental objects)

According to the Abhidharma-kosa

The Abhidharma-kosa identifies seven types of manoviṣaya (mental objects):[4]

Type of mental object (manoviṣaya) Description
Sensation Mental states Conditioned things
Perception
Formation
Imperceptible form one aspect of the aggregate of form
extinction through intellectual power Unconditioned things
extinction due to lack of a productive cause
space

According to the Abhidharma-samuccaya

The Abhidharma-samuccaya identifies sixteen types of manoviṣaya (mental objects):[4]

Type of mental object (manoviṣaya) Description
Sensation mental states Conditioned things
Perception
Formation
Imperceptible form types of form that are mental objects
Deduced forms
Spatial forms
Imagined forms
Mastered forms
suchness of virtue types of suchness Unconditioned things
suchness of non-virtue
suchness of the neutral
serentity of non-perception types of serenity
serenity of cessation
cessation due to discrimination types of cessation
cessation not due to discrimination
space space

References

  1. Goodman 2020, Chapter 1.
  2. Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg yid_kyi_yul
  3. Goodman 2020, s.v. Dharma as Referents: Ten Referents by Vasubandhu.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mipham Rinpoche 2004, s.v. Chapter 2:The Elements.


Sources

External links