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Virūḍhaka (P. Virūḷhaka [alt. Viḍūḍabha]; T. 'phags skyes po; C. zengzhang tian 增長天) is one of the four great kings, or "guardians of the world." He is the guardian deity of the south, and lord of the kumbhaṇḍas.[1][2]

His Sanskrit name (Virūḍhaka) means "Sprouting/Growing Forth." His Tibetan name ('phags skyes po) means "Noble Birth."[1]

Virūḍhaka is also the name of a son of King Prasenajit of Kosala.[1] See Virudhaka (son of Prasenajit).


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Internet-icon.svg 'phags skyes po, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  2. Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), s.v. Virūḍhaka

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