Nanam Yeshe De

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Nanam Yeshe De (T. sna nam ye shes sde སྣ་ནམ་ཡེ་ཤེས་སྡེ་; Skt. Jñanasena) (mid 8th cent. - early 9th cent.) was a translator during the "early translation period" of Tibetan Buddhism. He is counted among the twenty-five disciples of Padmasambhava. He was also a student of Śrīsiṃha, from whom he received Dzogchen instructions.[1]

The Princeton Dictionary states:

He collaborated with some fifteen Indian scholars, among them Jinamitra, Śīlendrabodhi, and Dānaśīla, on the translation of as many as 347 different works, if the later canonical records are correct. His translations includes upwards of 163 Mahāyāna sūtras, among them the Prajñāpāramitā, Avataṃsakasūtra, and Ratnakūṭasūtra collections, translations of the Yogācārabhūmi and other basic Madhyamaka and Yogācāra treatises, as well as a number of works by his contemporaries Śāntarakṣita and Kamalaśīla. He is also credited with the translation of tantric works that would come to be known as the “old translations” used by the rnyang ma sect.[1]

He was a native of the Nanam (T. sna nam) clan, also referred by the clan name Zhang.[1]

Further reading

  • Sherab Rhaldi, Ye-Shes sDe: Tibetan Scholar and Saint in Bulletin of Tibetology vol. 38, 2002 (Available here)