Anguttara Nikaya

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The Anguttara Nikaya (aṅguttaranikāya; literally "Increased by One Collection," also translated "Gradual Collection" or "Numerical Discourses") is the fourth of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon. This nikaya consists of several thousand discourses ascribed to the Buddha and his chief disciples arranged in eleven "nipatas," or books, according to the number of dhamma items referenced in them.

The Anguttara Nikaya corresponds to the Ekottara Agama found in the Sutra Pitikas of various early Buddhists schools of the Sanskrit tradition. A complete version survives in Chinese translation; it is thought to be from either the Mahāsāṃghika or Sarvāstivādin recensions. According to Keown, "there is considerable disparity between the Pāli and the Sarvāstivādin versions, with more than two-thirds of the sūtras found in one but not the other compilation, which suggests that much of this portion of the Sūtra Piṭaka was not formed until a fairly late date."[1]


Full translation


  • 1st 3 nipatas tr E. R. J. Gooneratne, Ceylon, c1913
  • 4th nipata tr A. D. Jayasundare, London, 1925
  • anthology ed & tr Nyanaponika, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka; revised, with additions & deletions, by Bodhi, as Numerical Discourses of the Buddha, Altamira Press, Oxford/New York/Lanham, Maryland/Walnut Creek, California, 1999


The nipatas in this nikaya are:

  • Ekakanipāto (The Book of Ones)
  • Dukanipāto (The Book of Twos)
  • Tikanipāto (The Book of Threes)
  • Catukkanipāto (The Book of Fours)
  • Pañcakanipāto (The Book of Fives)
  • Chakkanipāto (The Book of Sixes)
  • Sattakanipāto (The Book of Sevens)
  • Aṭṭhakanipāto (The Book of Eights)
  • Navakanipāto (The Book of Nines)
  • Dasakanipāto (The Book of Tens)
  • Ekādasako nipāto (The Book of Elevens)


Translator Bhikkhu Bodhi wrote: "In Anguttara Nikaya, persons are as a rule not reduced to mere collections of aggregates, elements and sense-bases, but are treated as real centers of living experience engaged in a heartfelt quest for happiness and freedom from suffering." (from Intro to Samyutta Nikaya)


  1. A Dictionary of Buddhism, by Damien Keown, Oxford University Press: 2004

External links

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