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Nairātmya is used as a noun to refer to the absence of self.
In Buddhist philosophy, two types of selflessness are identified:
- selflessness of self (pudgalanairātmya) - refers to "the absence of a permanent and autonomous entity among the aggregates of mind and body (nama-rupa) that transmigrate from lifetime to lifetime"
- selflessness of phenomena (dharmanairātmya) - refers to "the absence of any kind of enduring element in the factors that make up the universe"
- the sravaka realizes only "selflessness of self"
- the bodhisattva realizes both "selflessness of self" and "selflessness of phenomena"
- Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. nairātmya.