Pṛthivī (P. paṭhavī; T. sa; C. dida) translates as earth or ground. It is also called pṛthivīdhātu (earth element). It is identified as one of the four primary elements (mahābhūta).
Pṛthivī (earth) has the property of solidity.
- The earth element is so called because, like the earth, it serves as a support or foundation for the coexisting material phenomena. The word paṭhavī comes from a root meaning to expand or spread out, and thus the earth element represents the principle of extension.
The Khenjuk states:
- The earth element is solidity and its function is to support.
- Bhikkhu Bodhi, ed. (2000), A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma, Pariyatti Publishing
- Mipham Rinpoche (2004), Gateway to Knowledge, vol. I, translated by Kunsang, Erik Pema, Rangjung Yeshe Publications