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parikalpitāvidyā (T. kun btags ma rig pa ཀུན་བཏགས་མ་རིག་པ་; C. fenbie wuming) is translated as "imputed ignorance," "artificial ignorance," etc.

It refers to ignorance (avidyā) that is generated through the study of flawed philopsophical systems in the present lifeteme.[1]

Parikalpitāvidyā is contrasted with sahajāvidyā (innate ignorance).

See also

Alternate translations

  • artificial ignorance (Buswell and Lopez)
  • imaginary ignorance (Buswell and Lopez)
  • imputed ignorance
  • ignorance of false imagination (Dzogchen Ponlop)
  • ignorance of labeling
  • ignorance of imputation
  • imputative unawareness (Kapstein)
  • imutational ignorance (Rigpa translations)


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. parikalpitāvidyā.


Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University 

External links