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trividyā [alt. traividyā] (P. tevijjā; T. rig gsum; C. sanming) is translated as "three knowledges," "one endowed with threefold (higher) knowledge," etc.
It refers to three types of higher knowledge:
- "ability to remember one's form lives" (pūrvanivāsānusmṛti)
- "divine eye" (divyacakṣus)
- "knowledge of extinction of mental intoxicants" (āsravakṣaya)
These three types of knowledge were obtained by the Buddha during the "three watches of the night" at the time of his awakening.
The three knowledges are mentioned in numerous discourses, such as the Maha-Saccaka Sutta (MN 36), in which the Buddha describes obtaining one of these knowledges on the first, second and third watches respectively of the night of his enlightenment.
These forms of knowledge typically are listed as arising after the attainment of the fourth jhana.
- ↑ Nyanatiloka Thera 2019, s.v. te-vijjā.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. trividyā.
- ↑ Note that:
- The Buddhist Dictionary lists the "divine eye"
- The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism lists this as one aspect of the "divine eye" - insight into the future rebirth destinies of all beings
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Thanissaro (1998). Other discourses that mention the three knowledges include the Tevijja Sutta (DN 13) and the Bhaya-bherava Sutta (MN 4).
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Nyanatiloka Thera (2019), Nyanaponika Thera, ed., Buddhist Dictionary: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Pariyatti Publishing
- Thanissaro Bhikkhu (1998). Maha-Saccaka Sutta: The Longer Discourse to Saccaka (excerpt) (MN 36), Dhammatalks.org