|Factors of Enlightenment|
The five powers (Skt. pañca bala; P. pañca bala; T. stobs lnga སྟོབས་ལྔ་), or five strengths are:
- Saddha-bala: power of faith
- Viriya-bala: power of energy
- Sati-bala: power of mindfulness
- Samadhi-bala: power of concentration
- Prajna-bala: power of wisdom
In the Garland of Radiant Light, Mipham Rinpoche states:
- Faith and the rest of the five faculties become powerful because the factors that conflict with them--lack of faith, laziness, forgetfulness, distraction, traction, and bewilderment or distorted knowledge--are diminished and weakened. They are referred to as "powers," such as the "power of faith," because they cannot be overcome by the factors that conflict with them. Furthermore, of these faculties and powers, the latter are effects of the former. Faith causes diligence, which in turn causes mindfulness. From mindfulness arises meditative absorption, the ability to rest in equanimity, which eventually results in knowledge of reality as it actually is.
Bhikkhu Bodhi states:
- The faculties and powers comprise the same five factors, though different functions are attached to the two categories. The faculties are factors which exercise control in their respective domains, while the powers are these same factors considered as being unshakable by their opposites. Thus the five faculties exercise control in the respective spheres of resolution (adhimokkha), exertion (paggaha), awareness (upaṭṭhāna), non-distraction (avikkhepa), and discernment (dassana); in doing so they help to overcome their opposites—indecision, laziness, negligence, agitation, and delusion. The five powers are these same states considered as unwavering and as incapable of being overcome by their opposites.
Relation to the five spiritual faculties
These five factors are called faculties when used to control their spheres of influence, and are called powers when they become unshakeable by opposing forces. In the Sāketa Sutta, the Buddha uses the metaphor of a river to describe the relationship between the faculties and powers. "They are like a river that flows around a central island. From one point of view they can be considered different, but from another they are just the same stream."
- See Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 387, entry for "Pañca," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Chicago" at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.2:1:971.pali; and, Monier-Williams (1964), e.g., p. 579, entry "Pañcaka," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Cologne" at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0578-paJcAGguri.pdf.
- See Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 482, entry for "Bala," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Chicago" at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.2:1:3245.pali; and, Monier-Williams (1964), p. 722, entry "Bala," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Cologne" at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0722-barAsI.jpg.
- Dharmachakra Translation Committee 2007, s.v. The Five Powers.
- Bhikkhu Bodhi 2000, s.v. Five Factors.
- Sāketa Sutta, SuttaCentral
- Bhikkhu Bodhi, ed. (2000), A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma, Pariyatti Publishing
- Dharmachakra Translation Committee (2007), Middle Beyond Extremes: Maitreya's Madhyantavibhaga with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham, Snow Lion Publications
- Monier-Williams, Monier (1899, 1964). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. London: Oxford University Press. An on-line search engine for the MWD is available from the "U. of Cologne" at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/monier/.
- Rhys Davids, T.W. & William Stede (eds.) (1921-5). The Pali Text Society’s Pali–English Dictionary. Chipstead: Pali Text Society. An on-line search engine for the PED is available from "Chicago U." at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/pali/.
- Five strengths
- The Way of Wisdom - The Five Spiritual Faculties, by Edward Conze
- The Five Spiritual Powers, Dharma talk by Sarah Doering
|This article includes content from Five powers on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0.|