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Vāyu (P. vāyu/vāyo; T. rlung; C. fengda 風大) is translated as air or wind. It is also called vāyudhātu (wind element). It is identified as one of the four primary elements (mahābhūta).

Vāyu has the property of movement or motion.

Pali tradition

A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma states:

The air element (vāyodhātu) is the principle of motion and pressure. Its characteristic is distension (vitthambana), its function is to cause motion in the other material phenomena, and it is manifested as conveyance to other places.[1]

Sanskrit tradition

The Khenjuk states:

The wind element is motion and [its function is] expansion.[2]


  1. Bhikkhu Bodhi 2000, s.v. The air element.
  2. Mipham Rinpoche 2004, s.v. The Aggregate of Forms.


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