Yāma

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Yāma (T. 'thab bral འཐབ་བྲལ་; C. yemo tian 夜摩天) is the third of the six deva realms of the kāmadhātu.[1]

The devas in this realm live in the sky above the "Realm of the Thirty-three" (Trāyastriṃśa), which is on the summit of Mount Meru. Because they live in the sky, the asuras who dwell on the slopes of Mount Meru are unable to attack them. Hence the Tibetan translation for yāma, འཐབ་བྲལ་, means “free from strife or combat,” indicating that they do not have to engage in combat with the asuras.[2]

Ornament of Abhidharma states:

The name "Free of Conflict" (འཐབ་བྲལ) is given because beings there do not engage in such conflict. It is also called Twins because [in the Yāma heaven] both sons and daughters of the gods are born supernaturally in the laps of daughters of the gods. Their enjoyment is superior to that of the gods of Trāyastriṃśa.[3]

The devas of this realm are supported by magnificent divine riches resembling cloud formations in the sky. These riches, celestial palaces and so on, have been created by the previous actions of the devas in this realm.[4]

For the devas of this realm, one day is the equivalent of 200 days in the human realm. The life span in this realm is 2000 years.[5][1]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Yāma.
  2. Internet-icon.svg 'thab bral, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  3. Chim Jampaiyang 2019, Chapter 16.
  4. Jamgön Kongtrul 2003, p. 118.
  5. Equivalent to 9 million years in the human realm.

Sources