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Āśraddhya (P. asaddhā; T. ma dad pa; C.buxin) is translated as "lack of faith", "lack of trust", etc. It is a mental factor which is defined as a lack of trust, and lack of interest in, or desire for, wholesome things.[1][2]

Āśraddhya is identified as:


Contemporary scholar Steven D. Goodman states:

Lack of trust occurs wherever trust is blocked. It is not a mere absence of trust. We do not have a deep conviction or trust in the teachings and so, consequently, we have no trust and we have no desire for wholesomeness, for what is positive. We may have tremendous desire and conviction in things that are unwholesome. We might not even know the difference between wholesome and unwholesome. This lack of trust is very closely related to lack of self-respect (āhrīkya). Here, it says that the function of lack of trust is that it becomes a basis for spiritual laziness (kausidya). One of the root causes for not doing Dharma practice is a lack of self-respect and also a lack of trust.[3]

The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is lack of trust (ashraddhya)? It is the mind associated With the category bewilderment-erring (moha) which does not have deep conviction, has lack of trust, and has no desire for things positive. It provides the basis for laziness (kausidya).[1]

The Khenjuk states:

Lack of faith (ashraddhya) belongs to the category of delusion (moha). It is to not be interested in what is true and virtuous. It forms the support for laziness (kausidya).[2]

Three aspects

There are three aspects of āśraddhya (lack of faith):[1][4]

  • Āśraddhya (lack of faith) that is based on reason, such as disbelieving behavioral cause and effect.
  • Āśraddhya (lack of faith) that is not clear about the good qualities of the Three Jewels of Refuge, such that it causes our mind to become muddied with disturbing emotions and attitudes and to become unhappy.
  • Āśraddhya (lack of faith) which is not trusting in the existence of the possibility for us to attain liberation, such that we have no interest in it and no aspiration to attain it.

These three aspects are contrary to the three aspects of śraddhā (faith).

Alternate translations

  • Nonfaith (David Karma Choepel)
  • Faithlessness (Gyurme Dorje)
  • Distrust (Tony Duff)
  • lack of faith (Erik Pema Kunsang; Rigpa wiki)
  • lack of trust (Guenther)
  • disbelieving a fact (Berzin)

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Yeshe Gyeltsen 1975, s.v. lack of trust [ma dad pa].
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mipham Rinpoche 2004, s.v. Lack of faith.
  3. Goodman 2020, s.v. Lack of faith/lack of trust.
  4. Berzin, s.v. Disbelieving a fact (ma-dad-pa).


External links

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