From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
(Redirected from Mahāsthāmaprāpta)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This is a copy of a Wikipedia article, with minor modifications. See latest Wikipedia version here.
WP to EOB clone icon 2022.png
大勢至菩薩 or 得大勢菩薩
大势至菩萨 or 得大势菩萨
(Pinyin: Dàshìzhì Púsa or Dédàshì Púsà)
(romaji: Daiseishi Bosatsu)
Korean대세지 보살
(RR: Daeseji Bosal)
Wylie: mthu chen thob
THL: Tuchen tob
VietnameseĐại Thế Chí Bồ tát
Venerated byMahāyāna, Vajrayāna
AttributesWisdom, Power

Mahāsthāmaprāpta is a bodhisattva that represents the power of wisdom, often depicted in a trinity with Amitābha and Avalokiteśvara (Guanyin), especially in Pure Land Buddhism. His name literally means "arrival of the great strength".

He is also one of the Japanese Thirteen Buddhas in Shingon Buddhism. In Tibetan Buddhism, Mahāsthāmaprāpta is equated with Vajrapani, who is one of his incarnations and was known as the Protector of Gautama Buddha. [not verified]

Mahāsthāmaprāpta is one of the oldest bodhisattvas and is regarded as powerful, especially in the Pure Land school, where he takes an important role in the Longer Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra.

In the Śūraṅgama Sūtra, Mahāsthāmaprāpta tells of how he gained enlightenment through the practice of nianfo, or continuous pure mindfulness of Amitābha, to obtain samādhi. In the Amitayurdhyana Sutra, Mahāsthāmaprāpta is symbolized by the moon while Avalokiteśvara is represented by the sun.[1]


Yìnguāng (Chinese: 印光), a teacher of Pure Land Buddhism, was widely considered to be a manifestation of Mahāsthāmaprāpta based on the accounts of two people:
1. Huìchāo (Chinese: 慧超), a former Christian who had never heard of him before
2. Běnkōng (Chinese: 本空), a Buddhist monk and former student
Both of these figures had independent dreams regarding the situation.[2][3][4]


In Japan, Mahāsthāmaprāpta (Japanese: 勢至 Seishi) is associated with the temple guardians Kongō Rikishi.[5]

He is recognized as one of the Thirteen Buddhas.


Namaḥ samantabuddhānāṃ, jaṃ jaṃ saḥ svāhā
(Homage to all Buddhas! Jaṃ jaṃ saḥ! svāhā)[6]

(Shingon) on san zan saku sowaka (オン・サン・ザン・サク・ソワカ)
(Tendai) on sanzen zensaku sowaka (オン・サンゼン・ゼンサク・ソワカ)



  • Getty, Alice (1914). The gods of northern Buddhism, their history, iconography, and progressive evolution through the northern Buddhist countries, Oxford: The Clarendon press, p.100.
This article includes content from Mahasthamaprapta on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo