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Amoha (Skt, Pali; T. gti mug med pa; C. wuchi; J. muchi; K. much'i 無癡) is translated as "non-delusion" or "non-bewilderment". It is a mental factor which defined as being without delusion concerning what is true, due to discrimination; its function is to cause one to not engage in unwholesome actions.[1][2]

Amoha is one of the eleven virtuous mental factors within the Sanskrit Abhidharma tradition.


The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is non-deludedness? It is a thorough comprehension of (practical) knowledge that comes from maturation, instructions, thinking and understanding, and its function is to provide a basis for not becoming involved in evil behavior.[1]

The Necklace of Clear Understanding states:

It is a distinct discriminatory awareness to counteract the deludedness that has its cause in either what one has been born into or what one has acquired.[1]

The Khenjuk, states:

  • Tib. གཏི་མུག་མེད་པ་ནི་སོ་སོར་བརྟགས་པའི་སྒོ་ནས་དོན་ལ་མ་རྨོངས་པ་སྟེ་ཉེས་པ་ལ་མི་འཇུག་པར་བྱེད་པའོ།
  • Non-delusion means being without delusion concerning what is true due to discrimination. It makes one not engage in evil deeds. (Erik Pema Kunsang)[2]
  • Non-delusion is, through analysis, being without delusion concerning what is true. It prevents one from acting mistakenly. (Rigpa Translations)[3]

The Buddhist Psychology of Awakening states:

Nondelusion is said to be active when there’s a thorough understanding that comes from having received spiritual instructions, having thought about them deeply, and then coming to an understanding of their import. When there is a thorough comprehension of the instructions we have received, this is called being nondeluded, and again, like the other two (alobha and advesha), it serves as a basis for not becoming involved in unwholesomeness.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Yeshe Gyeltsen 1975, s.v. non-deludedness.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mipham Rinpoche 2004, s.v. non-delusion.
  3. RW icon height 18px.png Nondelusion, Rigpa Shedra Wiki
  4. Goodman 2020, s.v. "Nondelusion/Nondeludedness".


External links

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