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sudurjayā-bhūmi (T. sbyang dka' pa སྦྱང་དཀའ་བ་; C. nansheng di) is translated as the "hard to conquer ground," "unconquerable ground," etc. It is the fifth of the ten bodhisattva grounds (bhumis) according to the presentation in the Dasabhumika-sutra of the Sanskrit tradition.

Peter Harvey states:

In the fifth stage, which is beyond the power of Māra to conquer, the focus is on the perfection of meditation (dhyāna-pāramitā). Meditative trances are mastered, but the heavenly rebirths that they can lead to are not accepted. The four True Realities for the Spiritually Ennobled are comprehended and the ability to move between conventional and ultimate truth is developed. Abilities in such fields as maths, medicine and poetry are cultivated, as ways to help others and teach the Dharma.[1]

Patrul Rinpoche states:

At this stage, the pāramitā of meditation (dhyāna-pāramitā) is mastered. All the obscurations associated with distraction are purified.
Twelve sets of one billion qualities are gained, such as the ability to enter into and arise from one billion samādhi meditations in a single instant, and so on.
One can take birth as a ruler of Enjoying Emanations.
This fifth bhūmi is called ‘Difficult Training’, because bodhisattvas at this stage can remain in samādhi for their own benefit and simultaneously strive to accomplish the welfare of others.[2]


  1. Harvey 2013, s.v. Chapter 6, section "The path of the bodhisattva".
  2. LotsawaHouse-tag.png A Brief Guide to the Stages and Paths of the Bodhisattvas, Lotsawa House


  • Book icoline.svg Harvey, Peter (2013), An Introduction to Buddhism (Second ed.), Cambridge University Press