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Shantideva, the author of Shikshasamucchaya.

Śikṣāsamuccaya (T. bslab pa kun btus; C. dasheng ji pusa xue lun) or Compendium of Training or Compendium of Precepts, by Shantideva, presents a detailed explanation of the conduct that bodhisattvas should embrace at all times.

This text is the longest of the three texts written by Shantideva, the Sutrasamucchaya being the shorter one and the Bodhicharyavatara the middle length text. (Nagarjuna's text called Shikshasamucchaya, mentioned by Shantideva in the Bodhicharyavatara, is no longer available.)

This text was translated into Tibetan by Jinamitra, Danashila and Yeshé Dé, and later revised by Kashmiri Tilakakalasa and Ngok Loden Sherab.

Gendün Chöpel discovered an Indian manuscript of the Shikshasamucchaya at Sakya Monastery.

It is organized as a commentary on twenty-seven short mnemonic verses known as the Śikṣāsamuccaya Kārikā (Tib.བསླབ་པ་ཀུན་ལས་བཏུས་པའི་ཚིག་ལེའུ་བྱས་པ་, Wyl. bslab pa kun las btus pa'i tshig le'u byas pa). It consists primarily of quotations from sutras — generally those sutras associated with the Mahayana tradition.[1]


The text has nineteen chapters:

  1. The paramita of generosity (སྦྱིན་པའི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་, sbyin pa'i pha rol tu phyin pa)
  2. The paramita of discipline (ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་, tshul khrims kyi pha rol tu phyin pa)
  3. Protecting the teacher of Dharma and so on (ཆོས་སྨྲས་པ་ལ་སོགས་པ་བསྲུང་བ་, chos smras pa la sogs pa bsrung ba)
  4. An explanation of harm (གནོད་པ་བསྟན་པ་, gnod pa bstan pa)
  5. Thoroughly abandoning harm (གནོད་པ་རྣམ་པར་སྤང་བ་, gnod pa rnam par spang ba)
  6. Protecting the body (ལུས་བསྲུང་བ་, lus bsrung ba)
  7. Protecting possessions and merits (ལོངས་སྤྱོད་དང་བསོད་ནམས་བསྲུང་བ་, longs spyod dang bsod nams bsrung ba)
  8. Purifying negativity (སྡིག་པ་སྦྱང་བ་, sdig pa sbyang ba)
  9. The paramita of patience (བཟོད་པའི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་, bzod pa'i pha rol tu phyin pa)
  10. The paramita of diligence (བརྩོན་འགྲུས་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་, brtson 'grus kyi pha rol tu phyin pa)
  11. Praise of remaining in solitude (དགོན་པར་གནས་པར་བརྗོད་པ་, dgon par gnas par brjod pa)
  12. Thoroughly purifying the mind (སེམས་ཡོངས་སུ་སྦྱང་བ་, sems yongs su sbyang ba)
  13. The close application of mindfulness (དྲན་པ་ཉེ་བར་གཞག་པ་, dran pa nye bar gzhag pa)
  14. Purifying the body (ལུས་ཡོངས་སུ་དག་པ་, lus yongs su dag pa)
  15. Purifying possessions and merits (ལོངས་སྤྱོད་དང་བསོད་ནམས་དག་པ་, longs spyod dang bsod nams dag pa)
  16. Dedication of merit (དགེ་བ་ཡོངས་སུ་བསྔོ་བ་, dge ba yongs su bsngo ba)
  17. The benefits of prostrations and so on (ཕྱག་ཚལ་བ་ལ་སོགས་པའི་ཕན་ཡོན་, phyag 'tshal ba la sogs pa'i phan yon)
  18. Recollection of the Three Jewels (དཀོན་མཆོག་གསུམ་རྗེས་སུ་དྲན་པ་, dkon mchog gsum rjes su dran pa)
  19. Increasing merit (བསོད་ནམས་འཕེལ་བ་, bsod nams 'phel ba)

Tibetan text


There are notes on the important points by Tsongkhapa, being translated as part of Geshe Thupten Jinpa's Library of Tibetan Classics project.


  • Śāntideva, Śikṣā Samuccaya: A Compendium of Buddhist Doctrine, translated by Cecil Bendall and W.H.D Rouse, 1922
  • The Training Anthology of Santideva: A Translation of the Siksa-samuccaya, translated by Charles Goodman, Oxford University Press, 2016, ISBN 978-0199391356


  1. Oral teaching by Geshe Lhador. See external links below.

Further Reading

  • Barbra R. Clayton, Moral Theory in Śāntideva's Śikṣāsamuccaya: Cultivating the Fruits of Virtue, Routledge (New York 2006).
  • Suzanne Mrozik, The Relationship between Morality and the Body in Monastic Training according to the Śikṣāsamuccaya, Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University (Cambridge 1988).
  • P.L. Vaidya, ed., Śikṣāsamuccaya of Śāntideva, Buddhist Sanskrit Texts no. 11, The Mithila Institute (Darbhanga 1999), in 208 pages Reprint of 1960 edition. (Introductions in English and Hindi.)

External Links

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